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Literature on CALL and Language Learning Online

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Online Bibliographies

Teresa Almeida d'Eça, Web/Bibliography to herNetAprendizagem is online at

Eurocall has a "CALL Bibliography: online articles".page accessible to members, but it can be reached, along with other public resources, here: (viewed Feb 26, 2010)

Language and Technology on-line bibliography (viewed May 19, 2002) is a portal which provides a news and information service in order to provide up to date information about what is happening by linking / directing you to articles on key topics.

Also, bibliographies in the list below: Brammerts | Coski and Kinginger | Salam | Thalman | Vilmi; also elsewhere in Vance's 'ESL_Home' projects, my short bibliographies on

To be checked out and placed below

Online Articles

The following are links to articles and resources on internet-assisted and computer-assisted language learning. They are listed alphabetically by author or organization.

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Dr George H. Adams, MA Oxon, Ph.D. English language learning difficulty in Hong Kong schools: An ethnographic assessment of the Hong Kong context with proposed solutions (1993). Dr Adams has kindly allowed ITS Tutorial School to publish his thesis. Not only is this work an excellent insight to English learning difficulties in Hong Kong but is also a great way for students to gain an understanding of exactly what is involved in obtaining a Ph.D.

Ahtikari, Johanna and Sanna Eronen. (2004). On a journey towards web literacy - The electronic learning space Netro. A dissertation submitted at the University of Jyvaskyla Department of Languages. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

Al-Othman, Buthaina. 2005. "Using Free Hi-Tech Online Communication Tools to Train EFL in ESP Students to Think Critically and Independently" in TESOL ESP-IS Newsletter March 2005 Vol 12 Issue 1; Retrieved April 11, 2005 at

Annette M. Alix. (2002). Computer Anxiety: Casualty of the Revolution in Computer Technology

Almeida d'Eca, T. (2004). Webheads in Action (WiA): An online community for professional development – from past to present. Humanising Language Teaching, Vol. 6, No. 1. Retrieved February 13, 2004 from

Altun, A. (2003, July 1). Understanding hypertext in the context of reading on the web: Language learners' experience. Current Issues in Education [On-line], 6(12). Available:

Theory and Practice of Online Learning edited by Terry Anderson and Fathi Elloumi Athabasca University, Canada [freely available online per Papyrus News posting February 24, 2004]

Ashworth, Dave – February 8th, 2001 presentation outline on "Interinstitutional Collaborative Learning on the Web. Projects and Ideas,” presented on SenseiOnline 8th Benkyoukai

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James Backer. 2001. Using a Modular Approach to schMOOze with ESL/EFL Students, The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VII, No. 5.

Bennahum, D. (n.d.). School's out? A conversation with Seymour Papert. MEME 2, 13. Retrieved February 15, 2004 from

Phil Benz presented a paper at the Cyberlangues 2002 conference, (times out on Feb 26, 2010)

Berge, Z. (1995-2001). The Role of the Online Instructor/Facilitator. Retrieved June 12, 2005 from - Berge defines the following roles for emoderators: managerial, social, pedagogical, technical and delineates clearly explained subpoints under each topic The article contains this note: A modified draft of this article appears as: Berge, Z.L. (1995). Facilitating Computer Conferencing: Recommendations From the Field. Educational Technology. 35(1) 22-30. Please review and cite the Educational Technology article in any published work you author.

Bicknell, J. (1998). CMC Case Study (Report prepared for a graduate course, TE 365 CMC in Education). Retrieved March 31, 2003 from:

Bond, Peter. Communities of Practice and Complexity : Conversation and Culture. Retrieved June 11, 2005 from This article was first published in AMED's Organisations & People journal, Vol 11 No 4 (November 2004),

Bonk, C. and Cunningham, D. (1998). Searching for learner-centered, constructivist, and sociocultural components of collaborative educational learning tools. In C. Bonk & K. King (Eds.), Electronic Collaborators: Learner-centered technologies for literacy, apprenticeship, and discourse (pp. 25-50). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:

Tara Brabazon. 2001. How imagined are virtual communities?

Bradin, Claire, The Dark Side of the Web,

Helmut Brammerts, "Language learning in tandem bibliography" Last update: Nov 29, 2001 (when viewed May 19, 2002)

Paul Brett, PhD, "Multimedia and Language Learning"

Russell, M., Brown, C., Skilling, A., Series, R., Wallace, J., Bohnam, B., and Barker, P. 1996. "Applications of Automatic Speech Recognition to Speech and Language Development in Young Children." In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Philadelphia, PA.

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Campbell, Aaron Patric. (2003). Weblogs for Use with ESL Classes. Internet TESL Journal Vol. IX, No. 2, February 2003, Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce three ways that weblogs can be used to support ESL classroom learning. After defining what a weblog is, I will proceed to show how weblogs can be put into immediate use in the ESL classroom by means of three distinct types: the tutor weblog, learner weblog, and class weblog. I will also mention the software available for creating and maintaining weblogs

Darlene S. Cardillo. N.D. Using a foreign film to improve second-language proficiency: Video vs interactive multimedia

Ronald A. Cole et al (Eds.). (1996). Survey of the State of the Art in Human Language Technology

Jozef Colpaert's doctoral dissertation: "Design of Online Interactive Language Courseware: Conceptualization, Specification and Prototyping. Research into the impact of linguistic-didactic functionality on software architecture."

Piervincenzo Canale has placed his thesis about the internet and southern countries of the world on line at

Andy Carvin’s keynote address at the Synergy 99 educational networking conference in Augusta, Georgia entitled "Come Together, Right Now: Forging Educational Communities on the Internet” is at  In his words, Carvin examines “the importance of educators to be active participants in professional development communities with their colleagues. Research from Hank Becker's and Ronald Anderson's recent Technology, Learning and Computing Study suggest that teacher's classroom practices mimic their willingness to interact with their colleagues: teachers who engage in collaborative, interactive professional development are much more likely to have their students engage in collaborative, interactive lessons than traditional teachers who prefer traditional, lecture-oriented professional development. Additionally, teachers who use collaborative, interactive techniques (constructivist teaching) are much more likely to have their students use the Internet than teachers who use traditional teaching methods, even when Internet access is readily available.” The accompanying slides can be found at

CTI Textual Studies has a WWW publication entitled Teaching European Literature & Culture with C&IT at  Here’s the blurb: “Teaching European Literature & Culture with Communication & Information Technology' is a collection of selected papers from a conference of the same name organised by CTI Textual Studies. The papers outline a rich range of approaches to the teaching of analytical and critical skills in literary and cultural studies. They document and reflect on the successes or otherwise of a diverse group of projects and teaching situations and offer a solid set of signposts and critical issues for others seeking to follow their example in related fields.”

Carol A. Chapelle, Multimedia CALL: Lessons to be learned from research on instructed SLA, Language Learning & Technology Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1998, pp. 22-34,

Articles on CALL by Carol Chapelle:, from her home page Also check out the links from Carol's <English/Linguistics 526, Spring 2001, Professor C. A. Chapelle, Iowa State University--Updated April 4, 2001> here

Coghlan, M. (2000). An online learning community: The students' perspective. Retrieved March 31, 2003 from:

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Davies G. (1989) "Repurposing a videodisc for French language teaching". In Kécskés I. & Agócs L. (eds.) (1989) New tendencies in CALL, Debrecen, Hungary: Kossuth University:

Davies, Graham. (2006). Computer Assisted Language Learning: Where are we now and where are we going? This article was updated 8 September 2006 but originally presented as a keynote paper at the UCALL Conference, University of Ulster at Coleraine,14-15 June 2005. This version includes minor updates and corrected Web links.

Davies G., Bangs P., Frisby R. & Walton E. (2005) Setting up effective digital language laboratories and multimedia ICT suites for Modern Foreign Languages, London: Centre for Information on Language Teaching (CILT).

"How do people make the transition to facilitating online? What have they learned about it? What issues do they struggle with? Why do they do it?" Tammy Dewar collected their "stories" and presents them in KEYBOARD VOICES: REFLECTIONS ON ONLINE FACILITATION AND COMMUNITY BUILDING (Calliope Learning, 2003). The e-book is available at no cost at, and permission is granted to distribute electronic versions in its entirety and without modification.

Barbara Dieu has written a great little webooklet on Blogging and Presence Online (Feb 2004). It's a must-read for teachers both novice and those wanting to know more about the potential of blogs and how they can enhance language learning: (this was a classic, but not found Feb 26, 2010)

Downes, Stephen. (2005). Understanding PISA Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE April 2005 ISSN 1302-6488 Volume :6 Number: 2 . Retrieved June 11, 2005 from

Duber, Jim. (2002). Mad Blogs and Englishmen. TESL-EJ 6, 2 (On the Internet). Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

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Egbert, J. (2001). Active learning through computer-enhanced activities. Teaching English with Technology Vol. 1, Issue 3 (May 2001). Retrieved February 17, 2004 from: (not found Feb 26, 2010, maybe moved?)

Joy Egbert and Elizabeth Hanson-Smith. CALL Environments: Research, Practice, and Critical Issues_, 2nd edition, published by TESOL. Forthcoming 2007 or 2008.

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Ferdig, Richard E., and Kaye D. Trammell. (2004). Content Delivery in the 'Blogosphere'. T.H.E. Journal (February or March issue); retrieved March 18, 2004 from:

Fernandez-Valmayor, Alfredo; Covadonga Lopez-Alonso, Baltasar Fernandez-Manjon, and Arlette Sere. (late 1990's). Integrating an Interactive Learning Paradigm for Foreign Language Text Comprehension into a Flexible Hypermedia System

Fidelman, Carolyn: A language professional's guide to the WWW, CALICO Journal, Vol 13 nos. 2 & 3, at

Fitzpatrick A. & Davies G. (eds) (2003) The Impact of Information and Communications Technologies on the Teaching of Foreign Languages and on the Role of Teachers of Foreign Languages. This is a comprehensive report commissioned by the EC Directorate General of Education and Culture, which can be downloaded in PDF or Word format from the ICC website: - click on "Report on ICT in FLL".

Freedman, Terry (Ed.). 2006. Web 2.0 Coming of Age: An introduction to the NEW worldwide web., and podcast at

Karla Frizler's M.A. thesis on "The Internet as an Educational Tool in ESOL Writing Instruction" was a classic hosted at Geocities, which came tumbling down in 2009.

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Gaer, Susan: "Using Software in the Adult ESL Classroom." provides an overview of a variety of software packages available, as well as some general guidelines for the use of software in the adult ESL classroom. This is a Q & A available in full-text from NCLE's website at

Gallagher, C. (n.d.). Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (1896 - 1934): Biography, Theory, Time Line, Bibliography. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:

Roger Ganderton. 1998. New Strategies for a new medium? Observing L2 reading on the World Wide Web. ON-CALL Vol 12 #2. Archived at ERIC

Experiential Learning Vs.Traditional Schooling: John Taylor Gatto's Educational Ideas Still Worth A Good Look? This is the title of a reproduced article that is originally the text of a speech by John Taylor Gatto accepting the New York City Teacher of the Year Award on January 31, 1990. Read the article at: The article is reprinted with permission by The Odysseus Group, on behalf of John Gatto, according to Robin Good's Indepndent Publishing News, edited by Luigi Canali De Rossi at:

Robert Godwin-Jones.  Language Interactive - A Trailguide to Creating Dynamic Web Pages

Godwin-Jones, R. (2003). Emerging technologies: blogs and wikis: Environments for online collaboration. Language Learning and Technology, 7(2), 12-16.

Gonzalez, Dafne and Teresa Almeida d'Eça. (2005). Becoming a Webhead: First steps in blended and online EFL/ESL teaching. Teaching English with Technology: A Journal for Teachers of English ISSN 1642-1027 Vol. 5, Issue 3 (July 2005). Retrieved July 11, 2006 from:

González, D. (2003). Teaching and learning through chat: A taxonomy of educational chat for EFL/ESL. Teaching English with Technology, Vol. 3, No. 4 (October 2003). Retrieved February 17, 2004 from

Computer Assisted Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition by Peter J. M. Groot, May 2000, (Utercht University) The Netherlands. : is about CAVOCA, a computer programme for vocabulary acquision in a foreign language. Especially for intermediate or advanced level, this article is about learning and dealing with unknown words in L2 and some ideas about authentic material usage in EFL classes. You can ask for a demo version from the author.

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Hadley, G. (2002). "Sensing the Winds of Change: An Introduction to Data-Driven Learning." RELC Journal 33 (2), 99-124: Gregory Hadley maintains links to his writings here:, including Hadley, G. (2001). "Concordancing in Japanese TEFL: Unlocking the Power of Data-Driven Learning." In K. Gray, M.A. Ansell, S. Cardew and M. Leedham (Eds.) The Japanese Learner: Context, Culture and Classroom Practice. Oxford: Oxford University. Pp. 138-144.

Hanson-Smith, Elizabeth , and Christine Bauer-Ramazani. (2004). Professional Development: The Electronic Village Online of the TESOL CALL Interest Section .TESL-EJ, Volume 8. No. 2 can be found along with every other article published online at

Hargreaves, David H. (2003). Working laterally: How innovative networks make an education epidemic (Teachers transforming teaching). Innovation, DfES Publications. Retrieved December 17, 2004 from:

Hauck, M. & Haezewindt, B. (1999). "Adding a new dimension to distance (language) learning and teaching - the tutor's perspective." pp. 46-54., ReCALL, Vol 11 (2),

Have, Paul ten (2002). The Notion of Member is the Heart of the Matter: On the Role of Membership Knowledge in Ethnomethodological Inquiry [53 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research [On-line Journal], 3(3). Available at:

Deborah Healey, Oregon State University, Unleashing teaching with technology (2000), a presentation at Koç University,

Healey, D. (2001). Are Technology-Using Students Better Learners? Article form of presentation webcast at the Teacher to Teacher Conference: The Process of Language Learning, held in Abu Dhabi November 6-7, 2001. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:

Deborah Healey, Workshop web page at; related bibliography here:

Jan Herrington and Ron Oliver, "Multimedia, magic and the way students respond to a situated learning environment (1997)"

Higgins, J. (1999). Classification of CALL activities. Retrieved February 15, 2004 but in 2007 no longer found at:; Way Back Machine location: (times out Feb 26, 2010)

Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke, Reference Librarian, Parkland College Library, did an independent study project on designing electronic classrooms for library instruction. The resulting annotated bibliography is on the web at -- though my focus was libraries, the information in the articles is mostly more general than libraries.

Holmes, Martin, Marking Student Work on the Computer,

Hulstijn, Jan H. . The Use of Computer Technology in Experimental Studies of Second Language Acquisition:  A Survey of Some Techniques and Some Ongoing Studies. Language Learning & Technology Vol. 3, No. 2, January 2000, pp. 32-43.

Russ Hunt: On Computers and Language Learning

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Johns, Tim, 1996, 'If our descriptions of language are to be accurate ... A footnote to Kettemann' TELL&CALL 1996/4 pp. 44-6.

Johns, Tim, 1997, 'Kibbitzing One-to-Ones'. (Web version of notes for presentation at BALEAP meeting on Academic Writing, University of Reading, 29th November 1997).

Johns, T. (2000). Tim Johns Data-driven Learning Page. Retrieved February 15, 2004 from

Johnson, Christopher. (2003). Annotated Bibliography: Web version. Communties of practice bibliography created for Webheads in Action EVOnline sessions, at

Johnson, Christopher. (2003). CoP Theory Overview. Retrieved February 12, 2004 from: (forbidden request Feb 26, 2010)

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Kearsley, G. (2002). Constructivist theory (J. Bruner). Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database. Retrieved December 24, 2002 from:

Keel, Robert. (1999) Ethnomethodology and deviance. Disponível em:

King, Philip and David Woolls, 1996, 'Creating and Using a multilingual parallel concordancer', Translation and Meaning Part 4, 1996, pp. 459-466.

Kötter, M., Shield, L. & Stevens, A. (1999). "Real-time audio and e-mail for fluency: Promoting distance language learners' aural and oral skills via the Internet". pp. 55-60, ReCALL, Vol 11 (2),

Michael Krauss. Integrating technology across the curriculum: Internet/computer writing resources for a content-based curriculum. ISALC, Lewis and Clark College:

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Lebow, Jeff. (2006). Worldbridges: The Potential of Live, Interactive Webcasting. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 1. Retrieved March 14, 2007 from: .

Stephen Lee and Miles Berry. 06 Dec 2005. Effective eLearning through Collaboration: Learning and Collaboration and ICT in schools and Blogging. Help Us Get To BETT. Retrieved on December 16, 2005 from:

Leu, Donald, Charles Kinzer, Julie Coiro, and Dana Cammack. (2004). Toward a theory of new literacies emerging from the Internet and other information and communication technologies. In Ruddell, Robert and Norman Unraued (Eds.). Teoretical models and processes of reading (5th edition). International Reading Association <>. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

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Linda Mak, "Language Learning of a New Kind"

Christine Meloni's Wandering the Web urls from TESOL Matters are all online at

Douglas Mills's papers, "Computers in Language Learning: Possible Roles" and "Interactive Web-Based Language Learning: the State of the Art (1998)" are no longer available at their old locations, but various publications are listed on Doug's home page:

MIT: There is a collection of full-text papers by researchers at the MIT Media Lab's Epistemology and Learning Group pertaining to the group members' projects. Find the collection at:

Kunitaro Mizuno. June 2005. Improving TOEFL Writing Scores through Collaborative Learning on the Internet. Research published in Innovative Language Learning, the online newsletter of APACALL, Series No. 7, Pp 2-12. Retrieved December 16, 2005 from

"Hyper-reading, Hyperwriting: explorations in non-linear literacy" by Claudia Ferradas Moi, found in Humanizing Language Teaching, March 2003, at

"Technology Tools for Today's Campuses" is an anthology of 72 articles collected by James L. Morrison, editor of ON THE HORIZON and a professor of educational leadership at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The essays offer testimonies on how faculty brought technology to their classrooms and include important and useful information that you can use in deciding if you want to use such tools as listservs, email, the World Wide Web, or multi-user domains (MUDs) in your teaching. Each article has links to such illustrative material as syllabi, student papers written on the Web, and reference sites. The project has since been renamed Horizon, and is available on the Web by clicking there or here:

Elizabeth Murphy, Strangers in a Strange Land: Teachers' Beliefs about Teaching and Learning French as a Second or Foreign Language in Online Learning Environments (2000)

Abstract from the web document: This study first aims to profile the beliefs of teachers of French as a second and foreign language (FSFL) about teaching and learning in online learning environments (OLEs). Secondly, it aims to understand in what ways the beliefs reflect the evolution of approaches, learning theories and use of technology in the teaching of FSFL throughout the past century. The historical and conceptual framework against which the beliefs are interpreted includes an outline of a vision of learning FSFL in the 21st century.

The study took an ecological perspective as a means of gaining insight into the relationships between OLEs and teachers’ beliefs about teaching and learning in such environments. Comparisons are made between traditional and online learning environments and the types of beliefs and approaches to learning that each best supports. Beliefs are defined as a complex and interrelated system of personal knowledge that serves as implicit theories and cognitive maps for experiencing and responding to reality.

Data collection methods incorporated use of a 10 month long international, online discussion list as well as the distribution of 130 open-ended questionnaires throughout the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Individual dialogues or discussions were held with 16 participants from the discussion list as well as 5 participants from the questionnaire respondents. The participants represented both users and non-users of online technologies primarily in the K-12 system.

The profile of the beliefs resulted in approximately 400 beliefs spread over two categories representing respectively advantages or challenges to use of OLEs. The sub-categories of advantages related to resources and information; communication and collaboration; real-world learning; motivation; learning; and teaching. The sub-category of challenges included time and the curriculum; training, support and vision; access and equipment; control and monitoring; students; and OLEs.

The interpretation of the findings revealed that teachers’ beliefs reflect a range of approaches and learning theories. The relationship was considered between the official theories related to language learning on one hand and the implicit theories or beliefs of teachers on the other. There are beliefs particular to FSFL that present certain challenges to effective use of OLEs given the comparative domination of these environments by the use of the English language. Beliefs that are centered on learning as well as those reflecting use of the computer in the role of generator of reality appear to be compatible with use of OLEs. Four dimensions of conflict among beliefs were identified

A process of self and social negotiation was recommended as a means of reconciling the differences between the beliefs of colleagues, students, systemic conventions and the larger school community. Recommendations were made for the provision of professional development sessions to present opportunities for exposure to beliefs that provide alternatives to knowledge transmission and to teacher-centered pedagogies. Recommendations were made for the provision of professional development opportunities to help in the development of an understanding of the nature of OLEs and the types of learning and teaching styles that they best support.

Murray, Denise. (2000). Changing technology, changing literacy communities? Language Learning & Technology Vol. 4, No. 2, September 2000, pp. 43-58. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

Mynard, J. (2002a). Introducing EFL Students to Chat Rooms. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VIII, No. 2, February 2002. Retrieved February 17, 2004 from

Mynard, J. (2002b). Making Chat Activities with Native Speakers Meaningful for EFL Learners. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VIII, No. 3, March 2002. Retrieved February 17, 2004 from

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The New London Group

Nunan, David - link to presentation given as plenary speaker at TESOL Arabia, March 2003 dealing with learner-centred curriculum and learner-independence issues in a techno-rich context:

Nussbaum-Beach, Sheryl. August 5, 2007. Techlearning blog: "The Art of Building Virtual Communities"

Susanne Nyrop (Denmark) and Nini Ebeltoft (Norway) "Sociotechnical aspects of virtual cooperation in education" online, at: The paper describes how the technology is influencing on the social interactivities while learning and communicating in virtual learning environments, with the facilitators and moderators as the central persons, managing and mediating the uses of technology. Our examples are briefly describing networks like kidlink, Tapped in, Global Educators' network and Global Teenager. We do not mention Webheads, as the content was planned before I got seriously engaged and involved.

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Robert O'Dowd has put a summary of his dissertation up at Entitled Network-based Language Teaching and the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence "Basically, it looked at how on-line intercultural exchanges (i.e. telecollaboration) can contribute to culture learning and the development of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in the foreign language classroom." Visit the link if you are "interested in seeing more of the thesis or in exchanging thoughts on the topic."

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Paulsen, M. (1995). The Online Report on Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication. June 21, 2003 from . This report's contents on paper and in any electronic form is * copyrighted 1995 by Morten Flate Paulsen.

Pennington, Martha C. (1993). Modeling The Student Writer's Acquisition of Word Processing Skills: The Interaction of Computer, Writing, and Language Media . Computers and Composition 9(4), November 1993, pages 59-79. Retrieved June 13, 2005 from .

Dale Pobega's article, "ALBE E --- publishing with students", is at

Prensky, Marc. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon 9, 5. Retrieved March 14, 2007 from:,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf#search=%22prensky%22digital%20native%22%22.

Prensky, Marc. (2005). Engage me or enrage me. What today's learners demand. Educause Review, Sept./Oct. 2005. Retrieved March 10, 2007 from: .

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Cedar Pruit's interview When Kids Make Content: A Q & A With 'Blogevangelist' Will Richardson. In Digital Divide Network, dateline March 7th, 2005. Retrieved April 21, 2005 from (server error Feb 26, 2010). Among the points made: "One thing that tools like blogs and WIKIs do is hand over control of content production. In the classroom, where content production is centralized, this is nothing short of revolutionary, especially when addressing a cross section of society that rarely participates in media production." (by Pruit) and "The biggest issue right now, I think, is that students have very few models in the form of teachers or parents who are using the technologies well in ways we want kids to." (by Richardson).

Richardson,Will. RSS Quick Start Guide for Educators. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

Ritzel, Lukas. 2002. "eLearning is Learning". (you must be a member of evonline2002_webheads and have a Yahoo ID to access this file)

Robb, Tom's paper addressing (1) What is the most influential source of information for software purchases? (2) Do most people try out software before they purchase it? (3) Does software purchased by people who try it first tend to be better suited and more frequently used by their students? (4) Are checklists usually used in the software selection process? (5) Does the use of a checklist assure the purchase of more usable software? Presented at the JALT "CALLing Asia '99" conference (May 22-23, 1999).is at

Robb, Tom's  "E-mail Keypals for Language Fluency" discusses the strengths & weaknesses of the SL List approach to the traditional one-on-one keypay approach.

Robb, Tom. 2004. Moodle: A Virtual Learning Environment for the Rest of Us. TESL-EJ Vol 8 #2.

Roblyer, M. and Ekhaml, L. (2000). How interactive are YOUR Distance Courses? A Rubric for Assessing Interaction in Distance Learning. Retrieved June 19, 2003 from - We mentioned the need for rubrics in assessing student work within chat environments. This rubric assesses the course itself according to 5 levels of interactivity under four 'elements'

Rogers, Everett M. (1995), Diffusion of Innovations (Fourth Edition), New York, Free Press, review of the book can be found at:

Martin Röll. Distributed KM - Improving Knowledge Workers' Productivity and Organisational Knowledge Sharing with Weblog-based Personal Publishing. Paper presented to BlogTalk 2.0, "The European Conference on Weblogs", Vienna, July 5th and 6th 2004.

Kevin Ryan "Multimedia Software and Language Learning"

Ryder, M. (2002). Constructivism (University of Colorado at Denver, School of Education. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:

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Sanders, D. (2002). EFI - English Language for Internet with Webheads. In Learning from the innovators: Internet Communication Technologies Changing Business Practices, Issue two (2/3) ICT’s in different cultural contexts: 29 August, 2002. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from :,0 but no longer available. Way Back Machine location (times out Feb 26, 2010)

Schlager, Mark and Judith Fusco's Teacher Professional Development, Technology, and Communities of Practice: Are We Putting the Cart before the Horse? (SRI International, 2002)

Lesley Shield, Mirjam Hauck and Sue Hewer, of UK's Open University; "Talking to Strangers – The Role of the Tutor in Developing Target Language Speaking Skills at a Distance."

Lesley Shield's Homepage including Chapters in Books, Articles in Journals, Conference Proceedings, Conference Presentations, Web-based Resources, Submitted Papers, and Papers in preparation:

George Siemens on Learning Management Systems: The wrong place to start learning

Siemens, George. (2005). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age George . International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning 2, (1). Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

Simpson, James (2005) Conversational floors in synchronous text-based CMC discourse. Discourse Studies, Vol 7, No 3, pp 337-361.

Snyder, E. (n.d.). CoPs (Communities of practice). inc. Training and Development Community Center. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:, but is no longer there. Way Back Machine archive: (times out Feb 26, 2010)

Wlodzimierz Sobkowiak has written "an (almost) up-to-date state-of-the-art presentation of EFL pronunciation-orientated CALL in my recently published Teaching English with Technology paper: (almost up to date in Feb 2005)

Son, Jeong-Bae. (1998). Trends and issues in CALL research: A glance. English Linguistic Science - 1 - 7-11.

Steele, J. (2002). Herding cats: A descriptive case study of a virtual language learning community. Dissertation submitted to the Graduate School and Research, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in English. Retrieved February 15, 2004, from:

Stevens, Vance - complete list of publications here:

Stevens, V. 1992. Humanism and CALL: A coming of age. In Pennington, Martha, and Vance Stevens (Eds.). Computers in applied linguistics: An international perspective. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, pp. 11-38. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance, an article published in CAELL Journal, vol 6 #2, Summer 1995 pp. 2-10, Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance, Writing for Webheads: An Online writing Course Utilizing Synchronous Chat and Student Web Pages, paper submitted for the 4th Annual Teaching in the Community Colleges Online Conference, Theme: Best Practices In Delivering, Supporting & Managing Online Learning, April 7-9, 1999, Retrieved February 26, 2010, from: (note to self: back up this paper and chat logs to a more reliable host)

Stevens, V. and Altun, A. (2002). The Webheads community of language learners online. In Syed, Z. (Ed.). The process of language learning: An EFL perspective. Abu Dhabi: The Military Language Institute. pp. 285-318.. Pre-publication draft retrieved February 15, 2004, Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, V. 2002. A day in the life of an online language educator. TESL-EJ 6, 3. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2003). A Virtual Learning Resource Center. TESL-EJ 7, 3 (On the Internet). Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2004). The Skill of Communication: Technology brought to bear on the art of language learning. TESL-EJ 7, 4 (On the Internet). Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2004). Establishing and Maintaining Web Presence: A guide for educators. TESL-EJ Vol. 8. No. 3 (December 2004) On the Internet. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2005). Multiliteracies for Collaborative Learning Environments. TESL-EJ Vol. 9. No. 2 (September 2005) On the Internet. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2005). Behind the scenes at the Webheads in Action Online Convergence, November 18-20, 2005: TESL-EJ, Volume 9, Number 3. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2006). Revisiting multiliteracies in collaborative learning environments: Impact on teacher professional development. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 2: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2006). Second Life in Education and Language Learning. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 3. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2006). Revisiting multiliteracies in collaborative learning environments: Impact on teacher professional development. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 2: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2006). Second Life in Education and Language Learning. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 3: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2007). Unarticle: Unleashing the tranformative power of the unorganized Internet. TESL-EJ, Volume 10, Number 4: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2007). Who's in charge here? WiZiQ and Elluminate. TESL-EJ, Volume 11, Number 3: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Stevens, Vance. (2008). Trial by Twitter: The rise and slide of the year's most viral microblogging platform. TESL-EJ, Volume 12, Number 1: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:; also

Stevens, Vance, and Gavin Dudeney. (2009). Online Conferences and Teacher Professional Development: SLanguages and WiAOC 2009. TESL-EJ, Volume 13, Number 1: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:,

Stevens, Vance. (2009). Modeling Social Media in Groups, Communities, and Networks. TESL-EJ, Volume 13, Number 3: Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

Matthew D. Stroud, "Incorporating Technology into the Foreign Language Classroom" (1998)

Su, Venny. 2005. An Open Source Portal for Educators. TESL-EJ Vol. 9. No. 1, On the Internet.

Suzuki, Renata . (2004). Diaries as introspective research tools: From Ashton-Warner to Blogs. TESL-EJ Vol 8 #1, June: On the Internet column. Retrieved February 26, 2010, from:

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Maija Tammelin, Ph.D. thesis publicly examined at the University of Helsinki on August 20, 2004 entitled "Introducing a Collaborative Network-based Learning Environment into Foreign Language and Business Communication Teaching: Action Research in Finnish Higher Education". It was published in the University's Media Education Publications series but it is also available as a PDF file at the following site: Keywords: foreign language teaching, higher education teaching, English business communication, environmental communication, action research, network-based learning environment, social presence, teacher and learner roles, ICTs, educational innovation, affordance

Tanguay, Edward: English teachers, prepare yourselves for the digital age at

Linda Thalman has a bibliography of CALL at (viewed May 19, 2002)

Tribble, Chris, 1997, 'Improvising Corpora for ELT: Quick and Dirty Ways of Developing Corpora for Language Teaching' in B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and J. Melia (eds) Proceedings of the First International conference on Practical Applications in Language Corpora (forthcoming).

Arun Kumar Tripathi, The Internet and its uses in education; a short version of the article is at

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Unsworth, Len. 2001. Teaching Multiliteracies across the curriculum. Buckingham - Philadelphia: Open University Press. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from

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Ruth Vilmi's Publications on Using Technology for Language Teaching includes theses, project reports, presentations, and webliographies. The links to articles are organized as relating to CALL, corpora, culture, method and systems, visual environment, and the Web. There are also links to student and online professional journals. (viewed May 19, 2002)

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Warlick, D. 2006. A day in the life of Web 2.0. An October 15, 2006 posting in TechLearning.

Jason M. Ward, American University Sharjah, Blog Assisted Language Learning (BALL): Push button publishing for the pupils, in TEFL Web Journal Vol 3 No 1 2004 pp.1-16,

Warschauer, Mark: links to recent articles grouped in various categories including The Internet and Society, Critical Commentaries on Language, Literacy, Education, & Technology, Technology and Indigenous, Classroom Research, and Technology and Language Learning.

Mark Warschauer, Heidi Shetzer, and Christine Meloni. Internet for English Teaching has a printable, clickable index of Internet addresses used in the book available in Adobe PDF format from

Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of practice Learning as a social system. Retrieved April 22, 2005, from:

Wenger, E. (2004a). Communities of practice: A brief introduction. Retrieved April 22, 2005 from:

Wenger, E. (2004b). Cultivating communities of practice: A quick start-up guide. Retrieved April 22, 2005, from

Wiley, David (Ed.). 2000. The Instructional Use of Learning Objects. Accessed April 7, 2006 from . This book is cool: "This is the online version of The Instructional Use of Learning Objects, a new book that tries to go beyond the technological hype and connect learning objects to instruction and learning. You can read the full text of the book here for free. The chapters presented here are © their respective authors and are licensed under the Open Publication License, meaning that you are free to copy and redistribute them in any electronic or non-commercial print form. "

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Yeh, A. (2003). CMC and Webheads: Hand in Hand in Education without Borders. Paper presented at the 2003 Annual TESOL Convention in Baltimore at the Colloquium: "Case study of a community of practice" Wednesday, March 26, 2003. Aiden's papers were stored at Geocities, which went offline in 2009.

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